The presence of the polio virus in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has increased the worries of parents as the virus is becoming stronger due to refusals. It has also posed risks to children who obtain regular polio vaccinations.
The Polio virus has been confirmed in three districts of the province including Peshawar, Kohat and Nowshera. The spokesperson of the Ministry of Health explained that the polio virus was found in four samples from Karachi, two from Chaman, one each from Peshawar, Kohat and Nowshera.
According to the Ministry of Health the polio virus belongs to the YB2A virus cluster in Afghanistan which made every child at risk. Children under 5 years of age could disable by this virus for life. The Polio virus has not been controlled yet that is why it is spreading rapidly.
The virus have also been confirmed in the drainage water of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Which has sounded the alarm for more children suffering from polio. It should be remembered that since 1994 the Pakistan Polio Eradication Program has been struggling to eradicate the polio virus from the country.
The main reason for the spreading of polio virus in Pakistan is the result of refusals from illiterate parents, against whom action strict is necessary. Readers should be aware that in 2015 the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government issued arrest warrants for 1,200 parents and guardians for refusing to vaccinate their children. Similarly 512 people were arrested on this charge but later released on the deal.
They were released after signing that would not oppose vaccination but this series of arrests has been suspended once again. Meanwhile in 2015 there was a 70 percent reduction in new polio cases due to an increase in vaccination in parts of northwest Pakistan that were previously controlled by the militants.
The healthcare system of the country is burdened by poor public sector funding a disorganized private sector and a lack of government transparency. All these contribute to limiting the quality of public health services.
Although the polio eradication initiative is well funded it is delivered through an underfunded public infrastructure. Members of the Pakistan Polio Eradication Committee have also expressed concerns about the accountability of organizations supporting the campaign.
Since the raid on Osama bin Laden’s compound the number of cases has started to rise. Authorities, government workers, organizations including WHO and UNICEF are blaming each other’s rather than solving public health problems.
According to the survey staff misbehavior with people is also common where staff members are absent from duty while failing to run field operations and diverting vaccines for use in private facilities or cost of services can be linked to intention another reason for resistance to polio vaccine is negative mentality.
A common perception is that other issues are more worrisome than vaccinations. One manifestation of this is the policy approach that if the source of the virus is contaminated drinking water efforts should be made to clean the water rather than focusing on treating waterborne disease.
A survey of the Pakistani population shows that a significant number feel that allocating funds to prevent the problem (the spread of polio) is more effective than to cure it.
Furthermore, it has been shown that less parent’s especially maternal literacy and low knowledge about vaccines besides immunization schedules Weak socioeconomic status and rural residence etc. are reasons for low immunization coverage.
Parental education is one of the most important determinants whether children will complete their vaccinations or not, a study of two-parent households in Pakistan showed that fathers’ knowledge about health had the greatest influence on immunization decisions.
Thus some researchers argue that improving education can improve health system. If there will be improvement in the education the vaccination would also be improve in which the polio virus is on top level.